Import and export from Turkey

Date: Monday, 17 January 2022

The Republic of Turkey is a country that stretches across southeastern Europe and western Asia. Istanbul also includes the largest city in the country, which exceeds both Asia and Europe, while Ankara is its capital. Its borders are Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east, Iraq to the southeast, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. Turkey also has a rich history of civilizations and is the seat of the powerful and widespread Ottoman Empire. Currently, Turkey is a modern industrial country that ranks high on the Global Human Development Index.

The Republic of Turkey is classified as one of the modern industrialized countries in the world. The country supports a wide range of industries. Factories are distributed in large areas in Istanbul, the area around the Sea of ​​Marmara, the Aegean coast around Izmir, the Adana Basin, and the area around Ankara. It is noteworthy that the Turkish economy is based on traditional agriculture and modern industry, where agriculture constitutes about 30% of the country’s employment, and the workforce in the industry constitutes 26.2%, in addition to that, the industrial contribution to the country’s GDP is estimated at 27.7% The agricultural contribution amounts to 8.1%, and the services sector contributes 64.2%.
Turkey’s economy has witnessed a remarkable recovery over the past years in the import and export market from Turkey, which encouraged traders and industrialists to set up their companies in Turkey in pursuit of participating in a market with great profits and returns, as Turkey is an important destination for imported goods in many major countries Such as Germany, Russia, Italy, France and China.
Turkey is one of the most important exporting countries in the world. The official Anadolu news agency quoted Erdogan as saying that “his country’s exports amounted to 221 billion dollars on an annual basis (in a year).” He said: “Our exports reached 221 billion dollars on an annual basis, We will work harder, produce more and grow.”

The agency’s report stated that “Germany topped the list of countries importing the most from Turkey with about one billion and 751 million dollars, followed by Britain with one billion and 478 million dollars, and then the United States with one billion and 365 million dollars.”

The most important exports, in order from highest to lowest, are: vehicles, electrical and electronic appliances, iron and steel, clothing and accessories, furniture, plastic materials, precious stones and metals, fruits and nuts.

Introduction to import, export and customs clearance in Turkey

Customs regulations and laws for import and export have become today in most countries of the world unified and similar systems.

The customs clearance process is primarily a documentary process in import or export, as the required documents are very similar to customs clearance for exports and imports.

Documents required to export any shipment in Turkey:
commercial invoice
Certificate of Origin
packing regulations
Shipping Policy
Fumigation certificates for wood products
Health Certificates for Food Products
Quality certificates are required in some countries

Documents required to import any shipment:
commercial or industrial register
Tax card
Import card (import licence)
A payment document from the bank (a document evidencing the transfer of the invoice value outside the importer’s country)
A general authorization for the customs broker certified by the Chamber of Commerce or Industry.
A brief overview of the customs clearance method in Turkey:

Arrival of the ship with the container to be cleared on board. The ship begins unloading its cargo from the container on the port’s land.

The customs broker withdraws the permission to receive the container from the shipping company, based on the freight forwarding provided by him.

The customs broker submits the commercial invoice, packing regulations and certificate of origin of the container to the customs in order to know the customs duties of the goods.

After the invoices are submitted to the customs, a scout is sent by the customs to inspect the goods if they conform to the papers submitted by the customs broker.

After the customs inspection process and ascertaining their conformity with the invoices, the value of the customs duties shall be approved.

There are certain goods such as foodstuffs. The Scout may request that a sample be sent to competent authorities for analysis and approval and to ensure that they conform to the specifications specified in this country.

After knowing the customs duties incurred on the goods, they are paid by the customs broker. After the fees are paid, the customs broker receives the permission to release the container.

After obtaining the release permission, the customs broker unloads the container from the goods inside the port or loads the container and sends it on the back of a truck to the buyer, so that the buyer undertakes the process of unloading it at his warehouse directly. The customs clearance process takes about 5 to 7 continuous working days if the clearance process is free of any problems or any obstacles .

This is how the customs clearance process of the goods takes place…

Importing from Turkey and how to start a profitable project:

We will show you some of the trade routes in Turkey and import methods and present information on the best profitable goods to import from Turkey with an explanation of how to reach the best reliable and safe import companies and Turkish factories that meet the conditions with a good product while clarifying the requirements for dealing with these companies and how to obtain reliable and high-quality goods Quality and conformity to quality standards, and we answer what you think, such as whether importing from Turkey is profitable or not, and how to import without traveling and foreign trade with Turkey.

Information and tips for importing from Turkey:

Do not think that the first basis in the import process in general and importing goods from Turkey in particular is the capital. Sometimes some people spend a lot of money in import operations to fail and lose what they put in the import project, but I know very well that gathering information, experience, auditing and questioning Once and ten times, and also asking for help from more than one party, we will explain it in detail, as it will save you many expenses, i.e. importing from Turkey with the least possible expenses

You must take into account the quality of the product that you will import in order to ensure its sale in the market and how to monitor the quality standards of import companies.

If you do not have sufficient experience in examining and inspecting your imported goods, you can use some of the inspection and inspection companies of imported goods that examine the extent to which companies and factories are observing and manipulating quality standards. Examples of these companies are SGS, which specializes in this.

You can start by importing small quantities of goods so that you know the market more and sell them faster, which gives you cash that you can dispose of.

One of the very important things that some neglect is not to mention the country of origin or the source of origin, which leads to the rejection of your goods at the customs and for you to be charged with a fine. Pay attention to this matter well. If the goods are from Turkey, for example, there must be a phrase “Made in Turkey” to avoid any penalties.

Importing from Turkey by traveling to it:

If you want to travel on your own to Turkey to inspect and inspect your goods there, you need to provide all the required papers and documents, as Tabassum Company provides you with residence in Turkey and the help of experts in commercial transactions and markets, visiting factories and various companies, and what is the best factory that you can deal with and is reliable and what are the places Residence in Turkey during the period of import and work.

The best profitable goods in Turkey and some examples:
Turkish clothes are in great demand for purchase, especially women’s clothes and women’s underwear, in addition to Turkish abayas, as they alone are a successful import project because of their embroidery, accuracy and art.
Household items and appliances, such as the set of Turkish tin trays, are in great demand in the commercial market, and families and brides buy them because of their wonderful colors, designs, and quality compared to locally made ones.
Imported Turkish furnishings, as they are the most wanted imported Turkish goods in the commercial market, such as bedding sets, embroidered bedspreads, quilts, and most importantly, the Turkish dining table, which has become one of the most famous Turkish goods in the importer market because of its wonderful embroidery and gilded and embroidered artifacts Ingenious manner and quality of fabrics used and colors
Food and food items from meat, cheese, dairy and canned goods.
Examples of some of the goods that Turkey exports abroad:
In the field of metals:

Copper, iron, mercury, manganese

In the field of agriculture:

Cotton, smoke, figs, grapes, olives, wheat, barley, tomatoes, apples

In industry:

Textile industries, animal and vegetable oils, plastic materials, tahini products, raw wood products, household items of all kinds, sugar, cement, tires

Every legal or natural person or joint venture who owns a tax identification number and belongs to the relevant exporters association can be an exporter in Turkey. It may require the availability of some specific documents such as: control certificate or export approvals depending on the type of trade and the nature of the goods.
Export from Turkey

Every legal or natural person or joint venture who owns a tax identification number and belongs to the relevant exporters association can be an exporter in Turkey. It may require the availability of some specific documents such as: control certificate or export approvals depending on the type of trade and the nature of the goods.

The Customs and Trade Department in Turkey is also concerned with matters related to export operations, works to combat illegal trade, and facilitates trade operations in Turkey.
Documents may have to be prepared in a special way to comply with the requirements of the country of export.
Understanding the correct export documents is also essential for smooth export procedures.
In general, there are three stages of the export process in all countries, including Turkey, and they include the following:
A one-time registration procedure for obtaining an export license.
Preparing the necessary documents for export.
Preparing customs clearance procedures.

Types of export operations from Turkey
Exports that are not of a special nature. Exports upon registration.
Exports on credit.
Exports by freight.
Export of imported goods.
Export to free zones.
Export by counter purchase or barter trade.
Exports by lease. cross trade.
Revenue-free exports.
That is, all goods, except for those whose export is prohibited by international laws, decrees and agreements, can be exported in accordance with the Export System Decree.
Also, under WTO rules, export restrictions and bans may be imposed in case of market turmoil, and exported goods are scarce.

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